Among the major variables militating versus the advancement of sporting activities in Nigeria today is absence of effective management. A great deal of services are being proffered by worried and patriotic Nigerians daily to bail us out the quagmire. One of such solutions is this message entitled “Modern Trends in Sports Management and also Administration”. It is written by Dr. Joseph Awoyinfa, a lecturer in the Department of Human Kinetics as well as Wellness Education And Learning, Professors of Education, College of Lagos, Nigeria; a researcher as well as educational expert. I was the person invited by the writer as well as the college to examine the book when it was presented to the general public on December 4, 2008 in Nigeria.

According to Awoyinfa, it is a truism throughout the world that sport is currently a referral concern which can no more be disregarded at numerous markets of the economic situation and also balls of life. The author adds that this message hence takes a critical take a look at topical problems in sports administration as well as administration, house on theories and also concepts of modern trends in sports management and administration such as management, organisation, preparation, inspiration, etc.

The text has 16 phases. Chapter one is christened “the idea of sports monitoring”. Here, Awoyinfa says monitoring is a concept that indicates various things to different people at various times, hence bring about its multiplicity of meanings. He clarifies that monitoring has been variously referred to as an art, a science, an individual or people, a discipline and also a process.

This author expatiates that as an art, sporting activities monitoring is all about accomplishing sports organisational features and also tasks via individuals; while as a science, sporting activities administration is about establishing sporting activities viewpoint, regulations, concepts, concepts, processes and also practices. As an organisation, according to him, sporting activities management is defined as a means of developing official structures and a facility based upon an objective, purposes, targets, functions and tasks.

Awoyinfa says as an individual or group of individuals, sporting activities monitoring may describe the head alone or to all the senior personnel, board, etc; while as a technique, management is a field of study with various topics and topics. The writer brightens that sports management as a process is about an organized means of doing points. Awoyinfa highlights management functions in sports administration as planning, arranging, staffing, directing/leading, regulating, coordination, budgeting and examination. On whom a sports manager is, this writer educates that a sports supervisor is any person at any level of sport organisation who routes
the efforts of other individuals in the direction of the accomplishment of organisational objectives sport-wise.

Phase two is based upon the subject matter of advancement and also fads of sports monitoring believed. Below, Awoyinfa discloses that the advancement of thoughts on sporting activities management goes back to the days when individuals first tried to complete objectives by working together in a group. In his words, “There was significant thinking and also theorising concerning managing several years before the dawn of the twentieth (20th) century, which marked the beginning of modern sports monitoring thought. Major initiatives to establish concepts as well as principles of sports management began from the early twentieth (20th) century with the job of Frederick Taylor as well as Henri Fayol. The commercial change of the nineteenth (19th) century probably gave the environment for this very serious theorising.”

Awoyinfa adds that given that the turn of the 20th century, authors on sports management and also business theory have been propounding different theories about exactly how to take care of work and employees much more efficiently and effectively. This author informs that the 3 main institutions of administration idea are: the timeless; the human-behavioural; and the integrative. Awoyinfa additionally highlights early sports monitoring philosophers; principles and also qualities of clinical administration; assessment of the clinical monitoring concept, and so on, in this phase.

Chapter three is thematically classified “concepts of sporting activities administration”. In this chapter, the educational consultant discusses that sporting activities principles are the basic legislations on which the practice of sporting activities management is constructed. He adds that monitoring concepts must for that reason be based upon general terms for them to be applicable within sporting activity organisations of differing dimensions and personality. “Modern sports supervisors as well as managers are expected to be able to recognize and use ideal principles that relate to specific situations. This is since no solitary principle can match all administrative circumstances,” submits Awoyinfa.

He claims the basic principles of sporting activities are those relevant to all sports organisations and also as an outcome of their general acceptability, they are occasionally described as “global principles of sporting activities monitoring”. This author expatiates that several of these concepts are: duty; delegation of authority and also communication. As concerns altruistic principles of sporting activities administration, Awoyinfa recognizes these as freedom, justice, human connections, sympathy, empathy, consideration and also humility.

In phase four based on the idea of behavioral and inspirational theories in sports organisation, the author states human beings are one-of-a-kind animals as they act in different ways under various problems and are primarily challenging to predict. Awoyinfa emphasizes that because humans comprise the most essential component in sports organisation, sporting activities supervisors require some understanding of why people behave in one way or the various other, to make sure that they (sports managers) can influence people to perform exactly the way sports organisations locate desirable.

One potent instrument this author recommends that can be used to elicit performance in athletes is inspiration. In his words, “Inspiration is something needed in sports organisations to make workers carry out.
Nevertheless, it has been an important and also a puzzling topic for sports supervisors.” Awoyinfa further reviews development of inspirational principles in sports organisation; application of inspirational concepts to sports management; methods of practices alteration, and so on, in this phase.

In phases 5 to 10, the writer beams visit his logical searchlight on subjects such as management methods in sports organisation; the concept of sports organisation; setting layout in sports organisation; the principle of planning in sporting activities management; making sporting activities organisations extra reliable in Nigeria as well as staffing in sporting activities organisations.

Phase 11 is based on interaction approaches in sports organisation. According to Awoyinfa below, interaction is a crucial consider any type of organisational performance because organisations can not function efficiently when interaction abilities are lacking among members. “Since communication is the moving spirit in an organisation, its absence may make organisations standstill,” insists this writer.
In phases 12 to 16, Awoyinfa X-rays concepts such as organisational modifications and also development in sports administration; leadership in sporting activities management and also monitoring; management and monitoring of football as an instructor; teaching human kinetics as well as wellness education and learning in schools and also colleges; as well as organisation and also management of institutions at different levels of education.

As concerns setting of discussion, this text scores a pass mark. As an example, the language is comprehensible and also the suggestions are remarkably verbalized. The simplicity of the language is expected, provided the author’s dual specialist background as a speaker as well as priest. To guarantee very easy research of the text on readers’ component, Awoyinfa highlights the objectives of each phase at the start as well as finishes with review/revision inquiries.

What’s more, he artistically visit stitches the message with graphics (pages 50, 97, 317, 330, 338, 395, etc) to improve readers’ understanding via aesthetic interaction. Awoyinfa consists of references at the end of each phase to meet academic responsibility of source disclosure as well as deal visitors possibilities to find out more. Inclusion of numerous referrals also confirms the deepness of his research study. His use aesthetic distinction for the expression “Modern Trends” in the title is absolutely creative.

If there are chapters that actually make this text certified as a compendium of modern solutions to the administrative and also management issues afflicting our sports growth in Nigeria, they are phases 4, 8, 11 and also 13. This is due to the fact that they talk about motivation, preparation, communication and also leadership specifically.

At the same time, the thematically visit best phase of all is chapter 4. The reality that it is knowingly or subconsciously taken to be the greatest phase discovers useful expression in the much deeper interaction and also communication between its subject matter on the one hand as well as the outer front cover’s allegorical visuals or metaphorical pictures such as goal blog post, bicyclists racing, a lawn tennis gamer positioned for action with her bat, sprinters completing and footballers battling for round belongings, on the other hand. These are photos utilized for picture in inspirational discussion.

However, some errors are noticed in this message. The errors are “Acknowledgement” (page iii), instead of “Recognitions”; non-paragraphing of the natural first few paragraphs of “Preface”; “Loosing” (pages 396 and 404), instead of “Losing”, etc. These mistakes require to be remedied in the next version.